Time is of the essence, when it comes to diagnosis, regardless of the form of cancer. The earlier cancer is detected, and treatment begins, the better your chances are.
Here, then, are the most common forms of cancer and their warning signs.
An important thing to note is that many cancers do not exhibit any symptoms in the early stages. Those that do exhibit symptoms in the early stages could also mimic other conditions, so it is crucial to see your physician for tests to find the cause.
Skin Cancer Prevention & Treatment
Skin cancer, an abnormal growth of skin cells, is the most diagnosed cancer in the U.S. Approximately 5 million Americans are treated for skin cancer annually. While there are many types of skin cancer, the three most common are:
- Basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
- Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
Skin cancer most often develops on skin exposed to direct sunlight or UV rays. However, it can also develop in areas of the body not typically exposed to sunlight. This means that you can drastically decrease your risk of skin cancer by limiting or avoiding exposure to UV radiation. In practice, this translates to avoiding exposure to the sun and applying protection to your skin when going outside.
Breast Cancer Treatment & Prevention
Breast cancer is widespread in the U.S. It can form in both men and women but is far more common in women. It is estimated that one in eight women will be diagnosed during their lifetime. The good news is that intense campaigns have raised breast cancer awareness and funding to create advanced diagnosis and treatment methods.
Symptoms and signs of breast cancer may include:
- A lump or thickening that stands out from the surrounding tissue
- Change in breast size or appearance
- Changes in the skin covering the breast, such as skin dimpling
- Newly inverted nipple
- Peeling, crusting, or flaking of the areola or breast skin.
- Pitting or redness of the skin over your breast.
If you detect any of these changes in your breast, visit your doctor for proper evaluation.
Experts believe that five to 10 percent of breast cancer is genetic. The rest can be attributed to hormonal, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Following a healthy lifestyle and getting regular check-ups is the best way of reducing your chances of developing breast cancer. You may also consider limiting postmenopausal hormone therapy; you will want to discuss the pros and cons of hormone therapy with your physician.
Lung Cancer Treatment & Prevention
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Smokers have the greatest risk of developing lung cancer, although it can also develop in people who do not smoke. Research has found a direct correlation between the length of smoking and amount of smoke inhaled. Quitting, even after extended use, can drastically reduce the chances of developing lung cancer.
Symptoms of lung cancer include:
- Continuous coughing
- Coughing up blood, even a small amount
- Breathlessness (shortness of breath)
- Chest pain
- Weight loss (unexpected)
It is important to book an appointment with your doctor the moment you notice persistent symptoms or signs.
More than a thousand men and women diagnosed with cancer each year turn to our trusted team of cancer specialists. We encourage you to call us, ask us a question, or consult with us to get a second opinion so you, too, can experience the difference.